Thailand Geography


Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma
Geographic coordinates

15 00 N, 100 00 E
Map references
Southeast Asia

Total: 513,120 sq km
country comparison to the world: 50
land: 510,890 sq km
water: 2,230 sq km

Area - comparative

Slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

Land boundaries
total: 4,863 km
border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

3,219 km
Maritime claims

Territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Current Weather
tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

Central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

Natural resources

Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land
Land use

Arable land: 27.54%
permanent crops: 6.93%
other: 65.53% (2005)
Irrigated land

49,860 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources

409.9 cu km (1999)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)

Total: 82.75 cu km/yr (2%/2%/95%)
per capita: 1,288 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards

Land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts
Environment - current issues

Air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting
Environment - international agreements

Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea